Inventors Software First
Charles Babbage was one of the scientists in the world are listed as the inventor of the first computer, which was giving his work on human life, especially the computer field. Totalizer (Difference Engine No.1) invented by Charles Babbage (1791-1871) is one of the most famous icons in the history of computer development and is the first automatic calculator. Babbage also known by the nickname the father of the computer. The Charles Babbage Foundation named after him to honor his contribution to the world of computers.
Charles Babbage was born in what is now known as Southwark, London, December 26, 1791, the son of Benjamin Babbage, a London banker. The surplus in mathematics is very prominent. Upon entering Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1811, she found that her math skills are much better than even his own tutor.
At the age of 20 annual Babbage worked as a mathematician, principally in the calculus of functions. In 1816, he was elected as a member of the “Royal Society” (organization of science and academic independent United Kingdom, still active today) and play an important role in the foundation “Astronomical Society” (organization Astronomy and geophysics Britain, still active today) in the year 1820. at this time Babbage became interested in the totalizer, which continued until his agen judi online death.
1821 Babbage invented the Difference Engine, a machine that can compile mathematical tables. On completing it in 1832, conceived the idea of a better machine, which will be able to finish not just one but any kind of arithmetic operations. This was the Analytical Engine (1856), which is intended as a general symbol manipulator, and has some of the characteristics of modern computers. Among them is the use of punched card, a memory unit to enter a number, and various other elements of the computer base.
Babbage works less well-known until one day he met with Ada, Countess of Lovelace, daughter of Lord Byron. Babbage initially met there at an event on 6 June 1833. Nine years later, Luigi Federico Manabrea (an engineer from Italy) explains how the Analytical Engine. This work was later translated and added notes by Ada Lovelace in 1843. From that time people began to recognize the work of Charles Babbage.
Unfortunately, only a few remnants of the Difference Engine prototype machine, because the machine needs exceed the technology available at that time. And although the work of Babbage appreciated by various scientific institutions, the British government suspended funding for the Difference Engine in 1832, and finally stopped altogether in 1842. Similarly, the Difference Engine, which is only realized in the plan and design.
1828 to 1839, Babbage’s degree medapat the Lucasian chair of mathematics (math professor title of the most prestigious in the world) from the University of Cambridge. In addition to calculating machines, Babbage also provide various other contributions. Among create modern postal system in England, preparing table first insurance that is reliable, find a locomotive cowcather (triangle-shaped structure at the front of the train, which is able to clean the rails of the disorder) and several others. In addition Babbage also contribute their ideas in economics and politics.
Charles Babbage also an expert in cryptanalysis that broke vigenere cipher (polyalphabet cipher). This versatility has actually had since 1854, after he defeated the challenge Thwaites to solve ciphernya. However, these findings are not published so that she only discovered in the 20th century when scientists examine notes-notes (writing, note) Babbage.
Behind the whole success, failure in making the calculation engine and the failure of government assistance to him, left Babbage in disappointment and sadness at the end of his life. Babbage died at his home in London on October 18, 1871